India is a country with different cultures and traditions. In the field of medicine, Ayurveda is considered as the oldest and most trusted way to cure any disease. The practice of Ayurveda was considered as one of the oldest medical science. More than 5000 years ago Rishi and Muni were practicing Ayurveda. Ayurveda is a Sanskrit term which means “science of life”. In a 21st century lot of people are practicing Ayurveda.
Let us try to understand about the fundamental unit of Ayurveda- Dosha
What is a Dosha?
The term ‘Dosha’, literally means humour (Bio-energy). These three humour are considered to be developed from the 5 elements of nature i.e. air, water, fire, ether, and earth commonly known as ‘Panchmahabhut’ in ancient text. The manifestation & differing proportion of these life building elements (Dosha) is what give rise to definite body constitution to each one of us recognised as ‘Prakruti’ in Ayurveda.
There are three Dosha’s in the body named- vata, pitta and kapha dosha which acts as the ultimate driving force in determining the healthiness of the body. In terms of healthful living Ayurveda states that the balancing of these three Dosha’s contributes in the health and disease state of an individual. Since it is well established that the role of dosha’s constantly change in response to season, condition & stress, therefore it is important to appreciate your doshic state in order to know yourself better.
Knowing your body constitution as per dominant dosha’s, definitely guides you in a path of living healthy.
Vata Dosha governs movement
A Sanskrit word meaning air or wind, the Vata Prakriti is influenced by the air and ether elements of nature. It is the most powerful dosha. Vata is the energy which is associated with movement. It governs the breathing process, muscle movements, tissue movements and blinking in the body. Vata promotes balance and creativity in the body but in imbalance state vata dosha give rise to nervous, and digestive related disorders, including low energy and weakened body tissues.
Kapha governs assimilation
Kapha is the binding energy, that keeps everything together in the body. It is a combination of Water and Earth elements which influence the characteristic of Kapha Dosha. Therefore, play vital role in providing softness, tenderness, nourishment & coldness in body. It is the energy that forms the body structure. When out of balance, Kapha insulates greed, envy, and attachment feelings in the body, also make body more susceptible to various infection.
Pitta governs metabolism
Pitta is the energy of warmth & transformation, influenced by fire and water element. Chiefly responsible for regulating body temperature, tend to promote vitality & body metabolism in balanced state. Those dominated by the pitta dosha are determined. strong & have leading quality. Pitta in imbalance state lead to rage, anger, gastritis, ulcers of the stomach and intestines, eczema, and skin diseases.
Why is balance in Doshas important?
Imagine a building which is upheld by pillars. If even one of the pillars in a building is shaky or not up to the mark, the entire building is at the risk of collapsing. Similarly, if one of the Tri Doshas are excess or lesser than they need to be, it affects the entire body and the functioning of it. Since Dosha’s in balanced state governs & determine normal physiological activity & in imbalanced state cause a disposition of physical, mental & spiritual condition of an individual. Therefore, it is important to work on maintaining equilibrium between these Tri dosha in to build a healthy lifestyle which will lead us to have a stable life.